label r shifted
Session C6
Cultural Context of Taiwan’s Travelogues during the Martial Law Period
林淑慧 Shu-Hui Lin
Taiwan Culture, Languages and Literature, National Taiwan Normal University, Taiwan

Travelogues are one of the ways to represent the world, and are a part of literary production during the martial law period, since they are closely associated with cultural communication. Travel writing not only contains writers’ travel experiences but also implies their influences on politics, economy, and cultural capital. Since traveling abroad usually refers to the course of exploring different cultures, capital operations are commonly involved during the process of leaving and returning home. Few authors were able to travel around the world and publish their travel notes because of their special identity. For example, Because of Yang Nai-fan’s job, he had traveled to many places and published Huan You Jian Wen (Global Travel Experience). Zhong Mei-yin’s husband was the Sales Director of Taiwan Fertilizer Co.; she used public affairs as an excuse to go aboard. After returning to Taiwan, Zhong wrote Hai Tien You Tzung (Footsteps Across the Sea), tracing her memories in Asia, Europe, the U.S. and other countries. Zhong's travel note had been published in 15 editions during the martial law period. They had unique positions in the cultural production field and their publications were so appealing that formed certain influences. . 
Travel notes provide a way to approach and understand the structure of feelings in the martial law period. Under the anti-communist atmosphere, the authors thought about the problems of homeland by observing cultural contexts of foreign countries. Some travel writings compared foreign experiences to Taiwanese ones, implying the necessity of conflict, comparison and absorption for Taiwan to implement a new project, which could be more efficient. By exploring cultures worldwide, writers intended to shape an ideal society, inspiring changes in Taiwan. Travel writings of the martiallaw period unveil spatial memories of the cultural landscapes and reveal intellectual elites' comments and remarks on the liberal worlds. This paper hopes to analyze the cultural context during the Martial Law era by the cultural capital of passengers under the Martial Law system, structures of feeling in worldwide-touring travelogues, and the writing strategy of representational space of world.  

Martial law period, Cultural Capital, travel writing, structure of feeling, representational space