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Session B3
The Division of Housework and Caring Work between Husbands and Wives in China and Taiwan
Man Yee Kan
Department of Sociology, University of Oxford, UK

This paper analyses data of the Taiwan Time Use Survey 2004 and the China Time Use Survey 2008 to investigate how husbands and wives allocate routine housework, non-routine housework, child care, and adult care in China and Japan. In particular, we will investigate whether residing parents may help alleviate the level of gender inequality in the domestic division of labour between spouses. Multigenerational households are common in both countries. Co-residing elderly parents may help with domestic work on the one hand, but also may increase both housework and care work demands of the household.  Our earlier findings show that married women are responsible for a lion’s share of all types of domestic work and care. On average, men in China undertake more domestic work and caring work than men in Taiwan. Men concentrate their domestic work contribution on non-routine types of housework, such as home maintenance rather than routine housework (such as cooking and cleaning). We will investigate the association of gender division of domestic labour with employment statuses, income and educational levels of both spouses on weekends and weekdays.